The terminology used in this glossary conforms to the International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology and the International Vocabulary of Legal Metrology. In addition, for CLOU documentation purpose, the following definitions shall apply

rate at which energy is transported

Note: In an electrical system active power is measured as the time mean of the instantaneous power, which is calculated at each instant as the product of voltage and current

At sinusoidal conditions active power is the product of the r.m.s. values of current and voltage and the cosine of the phase angle between them, calculated for each phase. It is usually expressed in kW.

powerP ≙ active power in W
U ≙ voltage
I ≙ current
cosφ ≙ power factor